Produces dark green, rounded leaflets and nodding 1” blooms in a wide variety of purple, blue, pink and white.
Detailed Dwarf Columbine Info: Origin: Central and Southern Europe Other Common Names: European Columbine, European Crowfoot, Meeting Houses, Venus Plant, Jack-In-Trousers, Mary’s Bells, Granny's Bonnet, Granny's Nightcap Duration: Perennial Bloom Time: Early Summer Height: 12-18 inches Spacing: 10-12 inches Light: Part Sun to Woodland Soil Moisture: Medium USDA Zone:3a - 9b
This is an excellent flower for a near-natural garden: it attracts insects like butterflies and bumblebees and hummingbirds like the sweet nectar as well.
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EASY TO GROW
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As perennial flowers, columbine also readily self-seed themselves in their bed, so each year usually brings more flowers than the year before. Starting columbine from seeds is an inexpensive alternative to purchasing nursery-grown seedlings.
Fill seed-starting pots with moist potting soil, leaving ½ inch between the top of the soil and the rim of the pot. Set the pots in a seed-starting tray to catch water drips.
Sow two seeds per pot, planting the seeds ¼ inch deep in the soil. Cover the top of the pots with plastic wrap to help maintain moisture, then place them in the refrigerator or outside. Cold temperatures, around 40 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit, are required to break seed dormancy.
Remove the pots from the refrigerator or bring them indoors. Remove the plastic wrap and water if the soil feels dry to the touch. Replace the plastic and set the pots in a 70- to 75-degree-Fahrenheit room to germinate.
Remove the plastic wrap once sprouts appear, usually within three weeks of cold treatment. Place the pots in a sunny window sill and water when the soil begins to feel dry.
Transplant columbine seedlings outdoors two weeks before the last expected spring frost in your area. Plant the seedlings in a well-drained, light sun/full-sun garden bed at the same depth they were at in their seeding pots.
Cultivation: The preference is light shade to partial sun, moist to dry conditions, and soil that is loamy, rocky, or slightly sandy. Mature plants can also tolerate full sun, although young plants require some shade from neighboring vegetation. Once it becomes established, this plant is easy to maintain.
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